Matt Hefler Presents: On This Day November 20, 1945

On this day (November 20th) in 1945: The Nuremberg Trials, the International Military Tribunal established to prosecute top Nazi war criminals, begin in Germany. The trials prosecuted highly-prominent members of the political, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany, including Supreme Commander of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring, many of whom were directly involved in Holocaust. Along with the other ad hoc tribunals established by the victorious allies following the Second World War, the trials were a watershed moment in the development of international law and the laws of war. Judges from the Big Three countries who had won the war, the United States of America, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and the United Kingdom, as well as France, presided over the proceedings. Check out more on the trials here: