On this day (October 15th) in 1964, Nikita Khrushchev “resigns” as the Premier of the Soviet Union. His old on power weakened over the last several years, driven in part but the dispute with China and the “humiliating resolution of the Cuban missile crisis”. The official news agency, Tass, announced that the Central Committee had accepted Khrushchev’s request to retire the previous day. The decision came as a surprise to Western observers, but it later was understood that the retirement was the result of a coup orchestrated by Khrushchev’s deputy, Leonid Brezhnev. The former Premier lived largely in obscurity but did publish his memoirs in 1970 in the United States and Western Europe, though not in the Soviet Union.